The Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect 1

 

Za radnju izvršenu pre trenutka govorenja, upotrebljava se Present Perfect Tense, i to u sledećim slučajevima:

1) Ako vreme kad se radnja dogodila nije određeno, za izvršenje svršene prošle radnje se upotrebljava sadašnji perfekat ili Present Perfect Tense:

  • Look what you’ve done. (Pogledaj šta si učinio.)
  • He has spent all his money. (Potrošio je sav svoj novac.)
  • I’ve heard the news. (Čula sam tu vest.)
  • She has already met him. (Već ga je upoznala.)

 2) Present Perfect izražava svršenu radnju koja se dogodila u neposrednoj prošlosti. U ovom slučaju se najčešće upotrebljava prilog JUST, koji stoji ispred prošlog participa:

  • It has just struck twelve. (Baš je otkucalo dvanaest.)
  • John has just gone out. (Džon je upravo izašao.)
  • I’ve just seen him (Maločas sam ga videla.)
  • Have you just arrived? (Jeste li sad stigli?)

 3) Present Perfect izražava ono što je neko doživeo ili uradio jednom ili više puta u toku svog života, a vreme kad se to dogodilo nije određeno ili spomenuto. Ovakva upotreba je naročito česta u upitnim rečenicama:

  • They have often been abroad. (Često su odlazili u inostranstvo.)
  • Have you read this article? (Jeste li pročitali ovaj članak?)
  • She has always wanted to go to Australia, but she has never had time. (Oduvek je želela da ode u Australiju, ali nikad nije imala vremena.)
  • Have you had any serious problems? (Jeste li imali ikakvih ozbiljnih teškoća?)
  • I’ve never known her to be angry. (Ne znam da se ona ikad naljutila.)
  • She has been to England twice. (Dvaput je bila u Engleskoj.)
  • All his life he has been a hard-working man. (Celog veka je bio vredan čovek.)
  • Have you ever been to America?“ (Jeste li ikad bili u Americi?) „No, I haven’t been there yet.“ (Ne, još nisam bio.)
  • Have you done your exercises for tomorrow? (Jeste li uradili svoje zadatke za sutra?)
  • Have you heard the latest news? (Jeste li čuli poslednje vesti?)

Neke od pesama u kojima se spominje Present Perfect Tense su:

1) U2: Still haven’t found what I’m looking for
I have climbed the highest mountains
I have run through the fields
Only to be with you
I have run
I have crawled
I have scaled these city walls
Only to be with you
But I still haven’t found what I’m looking for…

2) Elton John: Your song
So excuse me forgetting
But these things I do
You see
I’ve forgotten if they’re green or they’re blue
Anyway the thing is what I really mean
Yours are the sweetest eyes
I’ve ever seen
And you can tell everybody this is your song. 

3) Van Morrison: Have I told you lately that I love you?
Have I told you lately that I love you?
Have I told you there’s no one else above you?
You feel my heart with gladness
Take away all my sadness
Ease my troubles that’s what you do.

4) Creedence: Have you ever seen the rain?
I wanna know
Have you ever seen the rain?
Coming down on a sunny day…

5) ABBA: The winner takes it all 
I don’t wanna talk
About things
we’ve gone through
Though it’s hurting me
Now it’s history
I’ve played all my cards
And that’s
what you’ve done too
Nothing more to say
No more ace to play…

 

Sada je vreme za sledeća vežbanja:

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=9302

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=3365

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=3474

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1484

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